Foreign words and expressions such as cul de sac, ancien regime, deus ex machina, mutatis mutandis, status quo, gleichschaltung, weltanschauung, are used to give an air of culture and elegance.
This kind of writing is not yet universal, and outcrops of simplicity will occur here and there in the worst-written page. The point is that the process is reversible.
By using jargons and such advanced literary figures of speech such as metaphors, one advertises his status, his know-how, to unsuspecting readers, even if he used it incorrectly or unaptly. The second contains not a single fresh, arresting phrase, and in spite of its ninety syllables it gives only a shortened version of the meaning contained in the first.
Just like Douglass, Orwell is a political animal, deeply involved in the crises and movements of his day. It is often easier to make up words of this kind deregionalize, impermissible, extramarital, non-fragmentatory and so forth than to think up the English words that will cover one's meaning.
He wrote that "some metaphors now current have been twisted out of their original meaning without those who use them even being aware of the fact".
He was seriously ill in February and was desperate to get away from London to the island of Jura, Scotlandwhere he wanted to start work on Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Here is a well-known verse from Ecclesiastes: Never use a metaphor, simile or other figure of speech which you are used to seeing in print.
They're stale as hell, but that doesn't stop politicians from using them. A man may take to drink because he feels himself to be a failure, and then fail all the more completely because he drinks. I'm the candidate of Hope. People are imprisoned for years without trial, or shot in the back of the neck or sent to die of scurvy in Arctic lumber camps: In this case, i think it is not worse.
I will come back to this presently, and I hope that by that time the meaning of what I have said here will have become clearer. Simple conjunctions and prepositions are replaced by such phrases as with respect to, having regard to, the fact that, by dint of, in view of, in the interests of, on the hypothesis that; and the ends of sentences are saved from anticlimax by such resounding commonplaces as greatly to be desired, cannot be left out of account, a development to be expected in the near future, deserving of serious consideration, brought to a satisfactory conclusion, and so on and so forth.
The great enemy of clear language is insincerity. To confound the issue, people do not directly say what they mean. Exhibit 3above, for instance, contains several patches of the same kind of English. From the time of his wife's death in March Orwell had maintained a high work rate, producing some literary contributions, many of them lengthy.
A speaker who uses that kind of phraseology has gone some distance towards turning himself into a machine. What image or idiom will make it clearer. His essay analyzes the corrosive trends in the writing of his day, but decades later, we can still share his disgust and still find a million examples to prove that bad writing or speaking is a cause of the public's blindness.
I am going to translate a passage of good English into modern English of the worst sort. Words of this kind are often used in a consciously dishonest way.
They will construct your sentences for you-even think your thoughts for you, to a certain extent-and at need they will perform the important service of partially concealing your meaning even from yourself.
Instead of being a single word, such as break, stop, spoil, mend, kill, a verb becomes a phrase, made up of a noun or adjective tacked on to some general-purpose verb such as prove, serve, form, play, render. Never use a long word where a short one will do. One cannot deny the overwhelming presence of politics in our society and the effect of governmental politics in our everyday lives.
Around the same time Orwell wrote an unsigned editorial for Polemic in response to an attack from Modern Quarterly. Consciously or subconsciously, people want chantable writings. Some would say this is the beauty of English and revel in it. The freedom of its own citizens.
It consists in gumming together long strips of words which have already been set in order by someone else, and making the results presentable by sheer humbug. It's not just the pain of empty language, although sometimes it is that.
I do not want to exaggerate. The inflated style is itself a kind of euphemism. He believed that politicians disguised their intentions behind euphemisms and convoluted phrasing.
Millions of peasants are robbed of their farms and sent trudging along the roads with no more than they can carry:. Freedman’s article, sporting the ponderous title “Writing Ideology, and Politics: Orwell’s “Politics and the English Language” and English Composition,” appeared in the pages of College English (April ) and set into motion a wide variety of critiques, reconsiderations, and outright attacks against the plain style.
George Orwell’s article, “Politics and the English Language,” explores the increasing misuse of the English language and its possible political causes. When I. George Orwell's major argument in Politics and the English Language, is that the English language has become worse as time has gone on.
This article was written in and George Orwell has very. Goerge Orwell, in “Politics and the English Language”, demonstrates how to effectively express oneself with written language. To do so, Orwell states the “dos” and “don’ts” of effective writing. A correct version of Orwell's essay can be found here.
(July 24, ) Politics and the English Language By George Orwell Most people who bother with the matter at all would admit that the. George Orwell in "Politics and the English language," elaborates his disatisfaction with the hackneyed rhetorical strategies politicans use to convey equivocal messages that end up confusing the public.George orwells politics and the english language rhetorical precis essay