Existentialist thought has garnered an unfair reputation for pessimism and even full-blown nihilism. This can be more easily understood when considering facticity in relation to the temporal dimension of our past: In The Stranger, the protagonist Meursault almost randomly commits a murder on the beach, yet seems to lack deep human feelings.
It is in relation to the concept of the devastating awareness of meaninglessness that Albert Camus claimed that "there is only one truly serious philosophical problem, and that is suicide" in his The Myth of Sisyphus.
The notion of the Absurd has been prominent in literature throughout history. Embracing the absurd can allow one to find joy and meaning in one's own life, but the only "resolution" is in eventual annihilation by death.
These are considered absurd since they issue from human freedom, undermining their foundation outside of themselves.
Hope[ edit ] The rejection of hope, in absurdism, denotes the refusal to believe in anything more than what this absurd life provides.
It is a limitation in that a large part of one's facticity consists of things one couldn't have chosen birthplace, etc. What is the Absurd. However, to say that one is only one's past would be to ignore a significant part of reality the present and the futurewhile saying that one's past is only what one was, would entirely detach it from oneself now.
However, nothing in the philosophical train of thought of existentialism dictates a negative view of humanity or reality. Sartre's own example of a man peeping at someone through a keyhole can help clarify this: There is a distinct rejection of traditional stage play structures and expectations.
It is only one's perception of the way another might perceive him.
His passion is evident in his enthusiastic pursuit of new pleasures and new experiences: Therefore, the individual must find or create meaning for his or her self. The Myth of Sisyphus can be read as an attempt to clarify and to make explicit the worldview expressed in The Stranger, and The Stranger can be read as an example of the absurd hero and the absurd fiction described in The Myth of Sisyphus.
The Other and the Look[ edit ] Main article: However, to disregard one's facticity when, in the continual process of self-making, one projects oneself into the future, that would be to put oneself in denial of oneself, and thus would be inauthentic. The Stranger Essay - Albert Camus' influential novel, The Stranger, a great work of existentialism, examines the absurdity of life and indifference of the world.
This paper provides a summary of the novel, and outlines some of the novel's main themes. The novel's protagoinist, Meursault, is a distanced and indifferent young man. SparkNotes: The Stranger: Themes, Motifs & Symbols Sparknotes › lit/stranger/turnonepoundintoonemillion.com Themes Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a.
“The Stranger" by Albert Camus This novel unravels the story of Meursault, who is emotionally detached to his surrounding living beings.
He is an anti-hero. Open Prompt Essay #4: The StrangerForm B. The most important themes in literature are sometimes developed in scenes in which a death or deaths take place.
In writing The Stranger, Albert Camus championed the idea of existentialism, a philosophy he truly believed in it.
But the philosophy of existentialism is not free of criticism. Absurdity: An Essay On The Stranger - An Essay on The Stranger; The Absurd "One Ring to rule them all, One Ring to find them, One Ring to bring them all And in the Darkness bind them" (Lord of the Rings Volume II, The Council of Elrond) Within the Stranger, Albert Camus brought up many questions and a few answers.Existentialist and absurdist themes in the stranger english literature essay